Franklin, Benjamin


Franklin, Benjamin
(1706-1790)
   American statesman, philosopher, and writer, was one of a numerous family. His f. was a soap-boiler at Boston, where F. was b. He was apprenticed at the age of 13 to his brother, a printer, who treated him harshly. After various changes, during which he lived in New York, London, and Philadelphia, he at last succeeded in founding a successful business as a printer. He also started a newspaper, The Gazette, which was highly popular, Poor Richard's Almanac, and the Busybody Papers, in imitation of the Spectator. After holding various minor appointments, he was made deputy Postmaster-General for the American Colonies. In 1757 he went to London on some public business in which he was so successful that various colonies appointed him their English agent. In the midst of his varied avocations he found time for scientific investigation, especially with regard to electricity. For these he became known over the civilised world, and was loaded with honours. In 1762 he returned to America, and took a prominent part in the controversies which led to the Revolutionary War and the independence of the Colonies. In 1776 he was U.S. Minister to France, and in 1782 was a signatory of the treaty which confirmed the independence of the States. He returned home in 1785, and, after holding various political offices, retired in 1788, and d. in 1790. His autobiography is his chief contribution to literature, and is of the highest interest.
   Works (10 vols., Bigelow, 1887-9), Autobiography (1868), Lives by M'Master (1887), and Morse (1889).

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franklin, Benjamin — Franklin, Benjamin, einer der ausgezeichnetsten Männer seines Jahrhunderts, der Vertreter der Befreiung Nordamerika s vor dem übermüthigen englischen Mutterlande, der Erfinder des Blitzableiters, war 1706 in Boston geboren, folgte seiner Neigung… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Franklin,Benjamin — Franklin, Benjamin. 1706 1790. American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard s Almanac (1732 1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated… …   Universalium

  • Franklin, Benjamin — born Jan. 17, 1706, Boston, Mass. died April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. American statesman, scientist, philosopher, and publisher. He was apprenticed at age 12 to his brother, a local printer. He taught himself to write effectively, and in …   Universalium

  • Franklin , Benjamin — (1706–1790) American scientist, statesman, diplomat, printer, and inventor Franklin s father left England in 1682 and the following year settled in Boston, Massachusetts, where he worked as a candle maker and soap boiler. Although originally… …   Scientists

  • Franklin, Benjamin — (1706–1790) Although Franklin s distinction rests on his work as a scientist and statesman, his homely moral and political philosophy, particularly as expounded in Poor Richard s Almanack (1733–58), has been extremely influential as an expression …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Franklin, Benjamin — ► (1706 90) Político, físico y escritor estadounidense. Se decidió a montar su propia imprenta, para lo cual se trasladó, en 1723, a Londres con el fin de adquirir los conocimientos suficientes del negocio editorial. En 1726 volvió de nuevo a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN —    born in Boston, was the youngest son of a tallow chandler and one of a family of 17; received a meagre education, and at the age of 12 became apprenticed to his brother, a printer and proprietor of a small newspaper, to whose columns he began… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Franklin, Benjamin — (1706 1790)    American statesman and philosopher.    Index: Dr Heads commission to enquire into affairs in Canada, 135; his report, 136. WM Did not believe British colonies would revolt, 269.    Bib.: Autobiography; Complete Works, ed. by… …   The makers of Canada

  • Franklin, Benjamin —    см. Франклин, Бенджамин …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Franklin Benjamin Sanborn — Sanborn was born at Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, the son of Aaron and Lydia (Leavitt) Sanborn. He graduated Harvard in 1855. As secretary of the Massachusetts Kansas Commission he came into close touch with John Brown. From 1863 to 1867 Sanborn… …   Wikipedia